A series of international agreements developed in Locarno, a Swiss spa town at the northern end of Lake Maggiore. Their aim was to reduce tensions by guaranteeing the common borders of Germany, Belgium and France, as provided for in the Versailles Peace Regulations of 1919. Gustav Stresemann, as German foreign minister, refused to accept Germany`s eastern border with Poland and Czechoslovakia as immutable, but agreed that reconstruction should proceed peacefully. In the “spirit of Locarno”, Germany was invited to join the League of Nations. In 1936, Hitler condemned the most important Locarno Treaty and sent his troops to the demilitarized Rhineland; In 1938 he annexed the Sudetenland to Czechoslovakia and in 1939 to Poland. In early 1925, relations between Germany and its European neighbors, especially France, were haunted by the tedious issues of war reparations and compliance with the terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. On 9 February, Gustav Stresemann (1878-1929), German Foreign Minister, sent a notice to the Allied governments proposing to conclude a security pact in which Germany, France, Great Britain and Italy would undertake not to go to war, with the United States serving as guarantors of the agreement. An annex to its note also proposed an arbitration treaty between France and Germany to ensure the peaceful settlement of bilateral conflicts between the two States. Stresemann`s proposal also aimed to secure Germany`s western border, but contained no German commitment to the eastern borders or membership in the League of Nations, both of which were crucial for France. The 1925 Pact of Locarno was an agreement signed on 1 December 1925 between Great Britain, France, Belgium, Italy and Germany. Stresemann believed that by signing the pact, he would strengthen confidence in Germany among their own people, but also among the other European powers. The era of better sentiment between the Allies and Germany, initiated by the Dawes Plan and subsequently promoted by Mr Mac Donald and Mr Herriot, was further reinforced in Locarno by the attitude of Mr Austen Chamberlain and Mr Briand.

Germany has always been treated equally and formal treaties have been supplemented by numerous informal agreements reached in personal conversations between Mr Chamberlain and Mr Briand, on the one hand, and Chancellor Luther and Mr Stresemann, on the other. It is recognized that the adoption of treaties would not have been possible if informal promises such as those made by Mr. Chamberlain had not been able to do everything possible to evacuate Cologne, at least in part, until 1 December, the day of the official signing of the Locarno Treaties in London. In addition to Stresemann`s personal fame, the signing of the Locarno Pact showed that Germany was gradually being treated as an equal partner in foreign policy. The agreement was concluded with Germany and was not imposed on it like the Treaty of Versailles. As a result, many moderate Germans had more confidence in Stresemann and the Weimar Republic. Between 1923 and 1929, Germany experienced a golden age under the Weimar Republic. Politician Gustav Stresemann helped secure U.S. loans for economic reconstruction and international agreements that helped rebuild Germany`s place among the world`s leading nations. Why were the Stresemann years considered a golden age? The agreements consisted of (1) a mutual guarantee treaty between Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain and Italy; (2) arbitration agreements between Germany and Belgium and between Germany and France; (3) a communication from the former Allies to Germany explaining the application of sanctions against a State which violates the Covenant in accordance with Article 16 of the Covenant of the League of Nations; (4) arbitration treaties between Germany and Czechoslovakia and between Germany and Poland; and (5) warranty contracts between France and Poland and between France and Czechoslovakia. .